Latest & greatest articles for pain

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Top results for pain

3401. The efficacy of nonopioid analgesics for postoperative dental pain: a meta-analysis

The efficacy of nonopioid analgesics for postoperative dental pain: a meta-analysis The efficacy of nonopioid analgesics for postoperative dental pain: a meta-analysis The efficacy of nonopioid analgesics for postoperative dental pain: a meta-analysis Ahmad N, Grad H A, Haas D A, Aronson K J, Jokovic A, Locker D Authors' objectives To examine the efficacy of non-opioid analgesics in post-operative dental pain. Searching The authors conducted a literature search for English-language articles (...) using MEDLINE and Health electronic databases (1975 to August 1996) using the three search terms: 'pain', 'analgesics', and 'dentistry'. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind trials with a parallel study design were eligible for inclusion. Only studies that used the third-molar extraction pain model, categorical pain scales similar to that described by Cooper and Beaver (see Other Publications of Related Interest no.1

1997 DARE.

3402. Physical agents for perineal pain following childbirth: a systematic review

Physical agents for perineal pain following childbirth: a systematic review Physical agents for perineal pain following childbirth: a systematic review Physical agents for perineal pain following childbirth: a systematic review Hay-Smith E J, Reed M A Authors' objectives To investigate the use of therapeutic ultrasound, pulsed electromagnetic energy, ice or cold for the relief of perineal pain following childbirth. Searching English language publications were sought in MEDLINE and CINAHL (...) . Participants included in the review Postnatal women receiving treatment for perineal pain following childbirth were studied. Participants included primigravida (including those with disturbed sleep and those unable to sit or walk normally due to pain), and those with the following: instrumental/breech delivery, grades 1 to 4 of perineal trauma, bruising, haematoma, episiotomy (including those with some degree of perineal pain). Where reported, age ranged from 18 to 43 years. Outcomes assessed in the review

1997 DARE.

3403. Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain

Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain Vocational outcome of intervention for low-back pain van der Weide W E, Verbeek J H, van Tulder M W Authors' objectives To determine the level of evidence available regarding the efficacy of interventions for low-back pain using vocational outcome parameters. Searching TheMEDLINE (1966 to December 1995), CLINPSYCH (1980 to December 1995) and NIOSHTIC (1966 to December 1995). The search (...) combined the keyword 'back pain' with one of the following terms: (employee) absenteeism, (re)employment, sick leave, return to work, sickness absence, occupational disability and employment status. In addition, relevant references in the retrieved articles and in published reviews were examined. Searches were limited to those articles published in English. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) were included. Specific interventions

1997 DARE.

3404. Pain relief from intra-articular morphine after knee surgery: a qualitative systematic review

Pain relief from intra-articular morphine after knee surgery: a qualitative systematic review Pain relief from intra-articular morphine after knee surgery: a qualitative systematic review Pain relief from intra-articular morphine after knee surgery: a qualitative systematic review Kalso E, Tramer MR, Carroll D, McQuay HJ, Moore RA Authors' objectives To investigate the evidence for an analgesic effect of intra-articular morphine and to examine those features of trial methodology which influence (...) judgement of experimental or clinical effectiveness. Searching MEDLINE (from 1966 to May 1996), EMBASE and the Oxford Pain Relief Database (from 1950 to 1994) were searched. No language restrictions were applied. Additional reports were identified from the reference lists of retrieved reports and from review articles. Some of the search terms are given. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) involving comparisons with placebo

1997 DARE.

3405. The efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the management of chronic pain

The efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the management of chronic pain The efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the management of chronic pain The efficacy of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors for the management of chronic pain Jung A C, Staiger T, Sullivan M Authors' objectives To assess the effectiveness of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in the management of chronic pain. Searching MEDLINE was searched for English language literature from (...) 1966 to 1997 using the Mesh term 'pain'. Further search terms are given in the paper. References from studies reviewed were also scanned and relevant studies were requested from the manufacturers of the four SSRIs available in the United States. Study selection Study designs of evaluations included in the review Randomised, double-blind controlled trials were included. Specific interventions included in the review Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) including: fluoxetine, paroxetine

1997 DARE.

3406. Paracetamol with and without codeine in acute pain: a quantitative systematic review

Paracetamol with and without codeine in acute pain: a quantitative systematic review Paracetamol with and without codeine in acute pain: a quantitative systematic review Paracetamol with and without codeine in acute pain: a quantitative systematic review Moore A, Collins S, Carroll D, McQuay H Authors' objectives To assess the analgesic effect obtained from single oral doses of paracetamol alone, and in combination with codeine, in post-operative pain. Searching The following sources were (...) searched: MEDLINE from 1966 to May 1996, EMBASE from 1980 to 1996, the Cochrane Library (March 1996), and the Oxford Pain Relief Database from 1950 to 1994. The words 'paracetamol', 'acetaminophen' and 'trial' were used in a free text search for studies published in any language. Additional reports were identified from reference lists of retrieved articles, review articles and textbooks. Neither pharmaceutical companies nor authors of papers were contacted for unpublished reports. Abstracts and review

1997 DARE.

3407. Spinal radiographic findings and nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review of observational studies

Spinal radiographic findings and nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review of observational studies Spinal radiographic findings and nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review of observational studies Spinal radiographic findings and nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review of observational studies van Tulder M W, Assendelft W J, Koes B W, Bouter L M Authors' objectives To explore whether there is a causal relationship between abnormal findings on lumbar radiographs and non (...) -specific lower-back pain. Searching MEDLINE was searched from January 1966 to September 1994 using the following keywords: 'diagnostic imaging', 'backache', 'spine', 'back pain', 'low back pain', 'radiography', 'roentgenograms' and 'x-rays'. EMBASE was also searched, but the search revealed no further publications. The references cited in relevant selected papers were also examined, regardless of the year of publication. Experts in the field were contacted. Study selection Study designs of evaluations

1997 DARE.

3408. Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a critical review of the clinical trials on nonoperative therapy

Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a critical review of the clinical trials on nonoperative therapy Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a critical review of the clinical trials on nonoperative therapy Patellofemoral pain syndrome: a critical review of the clinical trials on nonoperative therapy Arroll B, Ellis-Pegler E, Edwards A, Sutcliffe G Authors' objectives To assess the evidence from clinical trials on nonsurgical therapies for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Searching MEDLINE was searched from 1966 (...) . The interventions that were found in the studies retrieved were: orthotic insoles (both flat and soft), knee braces (Genutrain and simple sleeve), non steroidal anti-inflammatory agents, intraarticular glycosaminoglycan polysulfate, intraarticular placebo injection of physiologic saline, and intramuscular glycosaminoglycan polysulfate. Participants included in the review The disease and participant inclusion criteria are not clearly stated, but the authors do state that patellofemoral pain syndrome has

1997 DARE.

3409. Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up

Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Cost and effectiveness analysis of chiropractic and physiotherapy treatment for low back and neck pain: six-month follow-up Skargren E I, Oberg B E, Carlsson P G, Gade M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets (...) the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Chiropractic treatment as the primary management in the treatment of patients with back or neck pain within publicly financed health care. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Adult patients with low back

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3410. Cost-effectiveness of mandatory stress testing in chest pain center patients

Cost-effectiveness of mandatory stress testing in chest pain center patients Cost-effectiveness of mandatory stress testing in chest pain center patients Cost-effectiveness of mandatory stress testing in chest pain center patients Mikhail M G, Smith F A, Gray M, Britton C, Frederiksen S M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Mandatory stress testing in chest pain centre (CPC) patients. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients presenting at the ED with acute chest pain of unclear origin suggestive of myocardial ischaemia but with low suspicion of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The average age was 52 years. Setting Hospital. The study was carried out

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3411. Comparison of interbody fusion approaches for disabling low back pain

Comparison of interbody fusion approaches for disabling low back pain Comparison of interbody fusion approaches for disabling low back pain Comparison of interbody fusion approaches for disabling low back pain Hacker R J Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study (...) and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using PLIF-BAK procedure (posterior lumbar interbody fusion and an interbody fixation device (BAK; Spine-Tech, Inc., Minneapolis, MN)) in the treatment of patients with disabling low back pain. Type of intervention Treatment. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients suffering from disabling low back pain. Those unable to perform, or who were substantially impaired in the performance of, their job or daily activities for a minimum

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3412. Cost-effectiveness of long-term intrathecal morphine therapy for pain associated with failed back surgery syndrome

Cost-effectiveness of long-term intrathecal morphine therapy for pain associated with failed back surgery syndrome Cost-effectiveness of long-term intrathecal morphine therapy for pain associated with failed back surgery syndrome Cost-effectiveness of long-term intrathecal morphine therapy for pain associated with failed back surgery syndrome de Lissovoy G, Brown R E, Halpern M, Hassenbusch S J, Ross E Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria (...) for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Use of intrathecal morphine therapy (IMT) administered via an implantable pump in patients suffering from intractable pain attributed to failed back surgery syndrome. Type of intervention Treatment and supportive care. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3413. Postoperative pain control after lumbar spine fusion: patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous epidural analgesia

Postoperative pain control after lumbar spine fusion: patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous epidural analgesia Postoperative pain control after lumbar spine fusion: patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous epidural analgesia Postoperative pain control after lumbar spine fusion: patient-controlled analgesia versus continuous epidural analgesia Cohen B E, Hartman M B, Wade J T, Miller J S, Gilbert R, Chapman T M Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation (...) that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology The use of continuous epidural analgesia to control post-operative pain in patients undergoing lumbar fusion. The analgesic used was a mixture of local anaesthetic and epidural opioid administered via an epidural catheter placed intra-operatively, using

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3414. Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain

Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia for chronic pelvic pain Palter S F, Olive D L Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability (...) of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Office microlaparoscopy under local anesthesia (OLULA) for the evaluation of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) or infertility. Type of intervention Diagnosis. Economic study type Cost-effectiveness analysis. Study population Patients with CPP or infertility requiring diagnostic laparoscopy. Setting Office-based free-standing faculty practice at a tertiary care referral centre and hospital. The economic study was carried out in New Haven, Connecticut, USA

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3415. Reduction of sick leave for lumbar back and posterior pelvic pain in pregnancy

Reduction of sick leave for lumbar back and posterior pelvic pain in pregnancy Reduction of sick leave for lumbar back and posterior pelvic pain in pregnancy Reduction of sick leave for lumbar back and posterior pelvic pain in pregnancy Noren L, Ostgaard S, Nielsen T F, Ostgaard H C Record Status This is a critical abstract of an economic evaluation that meets the criteria for inclusion on NHS EED. Each abstract contains a brief summary of the methods, the results and conclusions followed (...) by a detailed critical assessment on the reliability of the study and the conclusions drawn. Health technology Using a physiotherapy consultation incorporating a differentiated, individual-based programme on sick leave during pregnancy, for women experiencing lumbar back or posterior pelvic pain. The individually designed programme starting after back pain assessment incorporated elements such as teaching the women to understand their specific situation; teaching anatomy, body posture, vocational ergonomics

1997 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

3416. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation does not relieve labor pain: updated systematic review

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation does not relieve labor pain: updated systematic review Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation does not relieve labor pain: updated systematic review Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation does not relieve labor pain: updated systematic review Carroll D, Moore R A, Tramer M R, McQuay H J Authors' objectives To review the effectiveness of trancutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) for labour pain. Searching The authors searched (...) the electronic databases of MEDLINE (1966-1997), EMBASE (1980-1997), CINAHL (1982-1997), the Cochrane Library (issue 2, 1997) and the Oxford Pain Relief Database (1950-1995) using the keywords 'TENS', 'transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation', 'labour', and 'childbirth' for full journal publications. Combinations of these keywords were used and the search had no language restrictions. Additional reports were identified from the reference lists of retrieved reports, retrieved articles, and textbooks

1997 DARE.

3417. Systematic review of outpatient services for chronic pain control Full Text available with Trip Pro

Systematic review of outpatient services for chronic pain control Systematic review of outpatient services for chronic pain control Journals Library An error has occurred in processing the XML document An error occurred retrieving content to display, please try again. >> >> >> Page Not Found Page not found (404) Sorry - the page you requested could not be found. Please choose a page from the navigation or try a website search above to find the information you need. >> >> >> >> Issue {{metadata

1997 NIHR HTA programme

3418. PENTAZOCINE--A NEW NONADDICTING ANALGESIC. A DOUBLE-BLIND EVALUATION IN POSTOPERATIVE PAIN. (Abstract)

PENTAZOCINE--A NEW NONADDICTING ANALGESIC. A DOUBLE-BLIND EVALUATION IN POSTOPERATIVE PAIN. 14341131 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0098-7484 193 1965 Sep 13 JAMA JAMA PENTAZOCINE--A NEW NONADDICTING ANALGESIC. A DOUBLE-BLIND EVALUATION IN POSTOPERATIVE PAIN. 887-92 SADOVE M S MS BALAGOT R C RC eng Journal Article United States JAMA 7501160 0098-7484 0 Analgesics 0 Analgesics, Non-Narcotic 0 Antipyretics 9E338QE28F Meperidine RP4A60D26L Pentazocine OM Analgesics Analgesics, Non-Narcotic Anesthesia (...) Antipyretics Double-Blind Method Drug Therapy Geriatrics Humans Meperidine Pain Pain, Postoperative Pentazocine Postoperative Complications Preanesthetic Medication ANALGESICS AND ANTIPYRETICS ANESTHESIA DRUG THERAPY GERIATRICS MEPERIDINE PAIN PENTAZOCINE POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATIONS PREANESTHETIC MEDICATION 1965 9 13 1965 9 13 0 1 1965 9 13 0 0 ppublish 14341131

1996 JAMA Controlled trial quality: predicted high

3419. Randomised trial of oral morphine for chronic non-cancer pain. (Abstract)

Randomised trial of oral morphine for chronic non-cancer pain. The use of opioid analgesics for chronic non-cancer pain is controversial. Some surveys report good pain relief and improvement in performance while others suggest a poor outcome with a propensity to psychological dependence or addiction.We undertook a randomised double-blind crossover study to test the hypothesis that oral morphine relieves pain and improves the quality of life in patients with chronic regional pain of soft tissue (...) or musculoskeletal origin who have not responded to codeine, anti-inflammatory agents, and antidepressants. Morphine was administered as a sustained-release preparation in doses up to 60 mg twice daily and compared with benztropine (active placebo) in doses up to 1 mg twice daily over three-week titration, six-week evaluation, and two-week washout phases. Pain intensity, pain relief, and drug liking were rated weekly and psychological features, functional status, and cognition were assessed at baseline

1996 Lancet Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3420. Percutaneous radio-frequency neurotomy for chronic cervical zygapophyseal-joint pain. (Abstract)

Percutaneous radio-frequency neurotomy for chronic cervical zygapophyseal-joint pain. Chronic pain in the cervical zygapohyseal joints is a common problem after whiplash injury, but treatment is difficult. Percutaneous radiofrequency neurotomy can relieve the pain by denaturing the nerves innervating the painful joint, but the efficacy of this treatment has not been established.In a randomized, double-blind trial, we compared percutaneous radio-frequency neurotomy in which multiple lesions were (...) made and the temperature of the electrode making the lesions was raised to 80 degrees C with a control treatment using an identical procedure except that the radio-frequency current was not turned on. We studied 24 patients (9 men and 15 women; mean age, 43 years) who had pain in one or more cervical zygapophyseal joints after an automobile accident (median duration of pain, 34 months). The source of their pain had been identified with the use of double-blind, placebo-controlled local anesthesia

1996 NEJM Controlled trial quality: predicted high