Latest & greatest articles for children

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Top results for children

1. Dance Intervention for Mexican Family Caregivers of Children With Developmental Disability: A Pilot Study. (PubMed)

Dance Intervention for Mexican Family Caregivers of Children With Developmental Disability: A Pilot Study. Introduction: There are 7.1 million people living with a disability in Mexico. Of these individuals, 7% are children and adolescents with developmental disabilities. Mexican women caring for children with a developmental disability are at risk of psychological stress, which may be prevented with physical activity such as dance. Therefore, the purpose of this pilot study was to examine (...) (a) the feasibility of implementing the dance intervention, (b) the mothers' satisfaction with the intervention, and (c) the changes in stress level experienced by the mothers on completion of the intervention. Method: A one-group pretest-posttest design was used. The Salsa dance intervention was given in nine 60-minute sessions, twice a week in Veracruz, Mexico. The sample included 14 mothers of children with disabilities. The outcome, stress level, was measured with the validated Questionnaire of Perceived

2020 Journal of transcultural nursing : official journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society Controlled trial quality: uncertain

2. Domperidone for nausea and vomiting: lack of efficacy in children; reminder of contraindications in adults and adolescents

Domperidone for nausea and vomiting: lack of efficacy in children; reminder of contraindications in adults and adolescents Domperidone for nausea and vomiting: lack of efficacy in children; reminder of contraindications in adults and adolescents - GOV.UK Tell us whether you accept cookies We use about how you use GOV.UK. We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve government services. Accept all cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide (...) Search Domperidone for nausea and vomiting: lack of efficacy in children; reminder of contraindications in adults and adolescents Domperidone is no longer licensed for use in children younger than 12 years or those weighing less than 35 kg. Results from a placebo-controlled study in children younger than 12 years with acute gastroenteritis did not show any difference in efficacy at relieving nausea and vomiting compared with placebo. Published 16 December 2019 From: Therapeutic area: , , Contents

2020 MHRA Drug Safety Update

3. Dietetic Management of Children with Neurological Impairments (NI)

Dietetic Management of Children with Neurological Impairments (NI) Type of Diet The optimal energy content of oral feeds differs according to impairment, mobility and other factors. To increase total energy content of meals without excessively increasing volume, additional fat or oils, dry milk powders, cream or ice cream may be supplemented. Fibre intake should be normal e.g age plus 5 g/day in children older than 2 years. Composition of the diet should be discussed with specialist dietitians (...) to modify textures and ensure safe and efficient food intake. Dietetic Management of Children with Neurological Impairments (NI) NI relates to disorders of the central nervous system, affecting: speech, motor skills, vision, memory, muscle actions, learning abilities. Cerebral palsy is also considered within this guide as a major subgroup of NI. NI frequently causes GI problems in children, most notably those with oral motor function and motility conditions and can be extremely complex to manage

2020 British Society of Gastroenterology

4. Common Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Neurological Impairments (NI): Evaluation, Treatment and Monitoring

Common Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Neurological Impairments (NI): Evaluation, Treatment and Monitoring Common Gastrointestinal Problems in Children with Neurological Impairments (NI): Evaluation, T reatment and Monitoring NI relates to disorders of the central nervous system, affecting: speech, motor skills, vision, memory, muscle actions, learning abilities. Cerebral palsy is also considered within this guide as a major subgroup of NI. NI frequently causes GI problems (...) in children, most notably those with oral motor function and motility conditions and can be extremely complex to manage. In children with cerebral palsy, as many as 92% suffer from serious GI symptoms. Such conditions can lead to insufficient caloric intake, a broad spectrum of GI and nutritional complications and associated clinical conditions, including respiratory infections and chronic aspiration, as well as a significant impact on quality of life for the patient and carer. Common Problems

2020 British Society of Gastroenterology

5. Tuberculosis among First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and youth in Canada: Beyond medical management

Tuberculosis among First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and youth in Canada: Beyond medical management First Nations, Inuit and Métis people in Canada continue to be disproportionately affected by tuberculosis (TB), a disparity rooted primarily in factors such as poverty, crowded and inadequate housing, food insecurity, and inequitable health care access. Historical TB control practices in Canada have contributed to stigma and discrimination toward those with the disease, as well (...) as fear and mistrust of the health system. These individual and system-level factors result in delays in TB diagnoses, ongoing transmission, poorer outcomes, and lower treatment completion rates. Children are especially vulnerable, as they are more likely to develop disease once infected with TB bacteria and to experience life-threatening conditions such as TB meningitis. Paediatric health professionals can help to increase TB awareness and literacy, reduce stigma and discrimination, and ultimately

2020 Canadian Paediatric Society

6. Antiepileptics and pregnancy: potential long-term effects in children

Antiepileptics and pregnancy: potential long-term effects in children Prescrire IN ENGLISH - Spotlight ''Antiepileptics and pregnancy: potential long-term effects in children'', 1 January 2020 {1} {1} {1} | | > > > Antiepileptics and pregnancy: potential long-term effects in children Spotlight Every month, the subjects in Prescrire’s Spotlight. 100 most recent :  |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |   |  Spotlight Antiepileptics (...) and pregnancy: potential long-term effects in children FEATURED REVIEW Many women who could become pregnant are exposed to antiepileptic drugs. Yet most of the antiepileptic drugs taken by pregnant women expose the unborn child to the risk of malformations, fetotoxic effects and neonatal disorders. What are the long-term effects of the most widely used antieleptics on children exposed in utero, and how do they compare? Full review (8 pages) available for download by subscribers. Abstract What are the main

2020 Prescrire

7. [Effect of an intervention based on child-care centers to reduce risk behaviors for obesity in preschool children]. (PubMed)

[Effect of an intervention based on child-care centers to reduce risk behaviors for obesity in preschool children]. Preschool age is a critical stage for health promotion and prevention of obesity, which is an emerging public health problem in children. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate the effect of a multifaceted intervention based on child-care centers to reduce risk behaviors for obesity among preschool children.A 12-month cluster-randomized community trial was conducted (...) in 16 Mexican Institute of Social Security child-care centers in Mexico City. Children between 2 and 4 years of age enrolled in the selected child-care centers participated in the study. Intervention comprised 12 weekly curriculum sessions for the children, and six family workshops. Changes in children's dietary and physical activity, food availability at home, and maternal feeding styles were determined after 6 and 12 months. Changes within groups among stages, and between groups by stage were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 Boletin medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico Controlled trial quality: uncertain

8. [Comparative study of the conventional scheme and prolonged treatment with steroids on primary steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome in children]. (PubMed)

[Comparative study of the conventional scheme and prolonged treatment with steroids on primary steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome in children]. In the steroid-sensitive nephrotic syndrome (SSNS) the prolonged treatment with steroids could decrease the frequency of relapses. We conducted a comparative study of prolonged steroid scheme and the usual treatment of primary SSNS to assess: the number of patients with relapses, mean time to treatment initiation, to remission and to first relapse

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2019 Boletin medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico Controlled trial quality: uncertain

9. Evaluation of Long-term Risk of Epilepsy, Psychiatric Disorders, and Mortality Among Children With Recurrent Febrile Seizures: A National Cohort Study in Denmark

Evaluation of Long-term Risk of Epilepsy, Psychiatric Disorders, and Mortality Among Children With Recurrent Febrile Seizures: A National Cohort Study in Denmark Febrile seizures occur in 2% to 5% of children between the ages of 3 months and 5 years. Many affected children experience recurrent febrile seizures. However, little is known about the association between recurrent febrile seizures and subsequent prognosis.To estimate the risk of recurrent febrile seizures and whether (...) there is an association over long-term follow-up between recurrent febrile seizures and epilepsy, psychiatric disorders, and death in a large, nationwide, population-based cohort in Denmark.This population-based cohort study evaluated data from all singleton children born in Denmark between January 1, 1977, and December 31, 2011, who were identified through the Danish Civil Registration System. Children born in Denmark who were alive and residing in Denmark at age 3 months were included (N = 2 103 232). The study

2019 EvidenceUpdates

10. Efficacy of High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Standard Oxygen Therapy or Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Children with Respiratory Distress: A Meta-Analysis

Efficacy of High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Standard Oxygen Therapy or Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Children with Respiratory Distress: A Meta-Analysis To evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy in providing respiratory support of children with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), hypoxemia, and respiratory distress.We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared HFNC and standard flow oxygen therapy or nasal continuous (...) positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and reported treatment failure as an outcome. Data were synthesized using Mann-Whitney U test.Compared with standard oxygen therapy, HFNC significantly reduced treatment failure (risk ratio [RR] 0.49, 95% CI 0.40-0.60, P < .001) in children with mild hypoxemia (arterial pulse oximetry [SpO2] >90% on room air). HFNC had an increased risk of treatment failure compared with nCPAP in infants age 1-6 months with severe hypoxemia (SpO2 <90% on room air or SpO2 >90

2019 EvidenceUpdates

11. Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is 1 of the most common neurobehavioral disorders of childhood and can profoundly affect children's academic achievement, well-being, and social interactions. The American Academy of Pediatrics first published clinical recommendations for evaluation and diagnosis of pediatric ADHD in 2000; recommendations (...) recommendations. Therefore, only incremental updates have been made in this guideline revision, including the addition of a key action statement related to diagnosis and treatment of comorbid conditions in children and adolescents with ADHD. The accompanying process of care algorithm has also been updated to assist in implementing the guideline recommendations. Throughout the process of revising the guideline and algorithm, numerous systemic barriers were identified that restrict and/or hamper pediatric

2019 EvidenceUpdates

12. Effectiveness and Safety of Primary Thromboprophylaxis in Children with Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Network Meta-Analysis

Effectiveness and Safety of Primary Thromboprophylaxis in Children with Cancer: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Network Meta-Analysis Thromboembolism (TE) is a well-recognized complication of pediatric cancer and can lead to mortality and excess morbidity. There is conflicting evidence about the effectiveness and safety of thromboprophylaxis in children. We conducted a systematic literature review and network meta-analysis of primary pharmacological thromboprophylaxis in children (...) AT replacement, LMWH, VKA, and SOC. Current evidence suggests that low-dose LMWH is effective and safe to prevent TE in children with cancer but is insufficient to conclude if AT replacement or VKA are effective thromboprophylaxis options. Further research, notably randomized controlled trials enrolling children with diverse types of cancer, is crucially needed.Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

2019 EvidenceUpdates

13. Mass deworming for improving health and cognition of children in endemic helminth areas: A systematic review and individual participant data network meta-analysis

Mass deworming for improving health and cognition of children in endemic helminth areas: A systematic review and individual participant data network meta-analysis Mass deworming programs have little effect on nutritional status and cognitive development on a population level What is the aim of this review? This Campbell systematic review evaluates what factors modify the effects of mass deworming for soil-transmitted helminths on nutritional status and cognition in children in endemic helminth (...) areas using individual participant data. The effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of mass deworming of children to improve child health and other outcomes is debated. This independent analysis reinforces the case against mass deworming at a population- level, finding little effect on nutritional status or cognition. However, children with heavier intensity infections may benefit more. What is this review about? Soil-transmitted helminthiasis (STH) and schistosomiasis affects over 800 million people

2019 Campbell Collaboration

14. Effectiveness of continuing professional development training of welfare professionals on outcomes for children and young people

Effectiveness of continuing professional development training of welfare professionals on outcomes for children and young people Little evidence of the effectiveness of continuing professional development (CPD) What is the aim of this review? This Campbell systematic review examines the effects of continuing professional development (CPD) approaches for education and welfare practitioners on: educational and social outcomes for children and young people; and outcomes for practitioners (...) . The review summarizes evidence from 51 moderate- quality studies, including 48 randomized controlled trials and three quasi-experiments. Continuing professional development (CPD) aims to improve outcomes for the children and young people with whom educational and welfare professionals work. There is no clear evidence that CPD in education improves student academic outcomes. What is this review about? CPD is delivered in a variety of settings by different kinds of ‘trainers’ or educators for differing

2019 Campbell Collaboration

15. Diamorphine hydrochloride (Ayendi) - acute severe nociceptive pain in children and adolescents

Diamorphine hydrochloride (Ayendi) - acute severe nociceptive pain in children and adolescents Final Appraisal Recommendation Advice No: 1719 – November 2019 Diamorphine hydrochloride (Ayendi ® ) 720 microgram/actuation and 1600 microgram/actuation Nasal Spray Limited submission by Wockhardt UK Ltd In reaching the above recommendation AWMSG has taken account of the appraisal documentation prepared by the AWMSG Secretariat (reference number 2406), which includes the AWMSG Secretariat Assessment (...) nociceptive pain in children and adolescents 2 to 15 years of age in a hospital setting. Ayendi ® nasal spray should be administered in the emergency setting by practitioners experienced in the administration of opioids in children and with the appropriate monitoring. Statement of use: No part of this recommendation may be reproduced without the whole recommendation being quoted in full and cited as: All Wales Medicines Strategy Group Final Appraisal Recommendation – 1719: Diamorphine hydrochloride

2019 All Wales Medicines Strategy Group

16. Intensive Family Preservation Services: An intensive, rapid response intervention aimed at families in crisis, where there is an imminent risk of children entering care

Intensive Family Preservation Services: An intensive, rapid response intervention aimed at families in crisis, where there is an imminent risk of children entering care Intensive Family Preservation Services - What Works for Children's Social Care This website uses cookies to help us understand the way visitors use our website. We can't identify you with them and we don't share the data with anyone else. If you click Reject we will set a single cookie to remember your preference. Find out more (...) in our . Accept cookies Reject cookies Intensive Family Preservation Services An intensive, rapid response intervention aimed at families in crisis, where there is an imminent risk of children entering care Headline points A consistently positive effect on preventing children entering care (up to two years after delivery), based on high strength evidence Tends to have a positive effect on family functioning, based on low strength evidence Most effective if contact is made within 24 hours and when

2019 What Works for Children’s Social Care

17. How Australia can invest in children and return more

How Australia can invest in children and return more application/octet-stream

2019 Early Intervention Foundation

18. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Disease: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Downloaded from https://journals.lww.com/jpgn by BhDMf5ePHKav1zEoum1tQfN4a+kJLhEZgbsIHo4XMi0hCywCX1AWnYQp/IlQrHD3IJrtBKuSsQVsKRVaZGM1l4DvatJ7+0OA9ytY7fNKvII= on 09/27/2019 Downloaded from https://journals.lww.com/jpgn by BhDMf5ePHKav1zEoum1tQfN4a (...) +kJLhEZgbsIHo4XMi0hCywCX1AWnYQp/IlQrHD3IJrtBKuSsQVsKRVaZGM1l4DvatJ7+0OA9ytY7fNKvII= on 09/27/2019 Copyright © ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN. All rights reserved. Nutrition Support of Children With Chronic Liver Diseases: A Joint Position Paper of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition Marialena Mouzaki, y Jiri Bronsky, z Girish Gupte, § Iva Hojsak, jj Jorg Jahnel, Nikhil Pai, # Ruben E. Quiros-Tejeira

2019 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition

19. Dental Lasers for Caries Removal in Children Is a Good Alternative to Conventional Mechanical Methods

Dental Lasers for Caries Removal in Children Is a Good Alternative to Conventional Mechanical Methods UTCAT3398, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Dental Lasers for Caries Removal in Children Is a Good Alternative to Conventional Mechanical Methods Clinical Question For children with caries, is Er:YAG laser application an effective treatment for caries removal and cavity preparation compared (...) lasers for caries removal when comparing restoration retention, marginal discoloration and marginal adaptation. #2) Montedori/2016 662 participants in 9 trials (age range 3.5 to 84 years old) Systematic review of randomized trials Key results Four trials included children/adolescents; four trials included adults only; and one trial included children/adolescents and adults. Due to the available studies having small sample sizes and high risk of bias, “evidence was insufficient to support the use

2019 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

20. Tuberculosis (TB) and children

Tuberculosis (TB) and children Tuberculosis (TB) and children - GOV.UK GOV.UK uses cookies which are essential for the site to work. We also use non-essential cookies to help us improve government digital services. Any data collected is anonymised. By continuing to use this site, you agree to our use of cookies. Accept cookies You’ve accepted all cookies. You can at any time. Hide Search Guidance Tuberculosis (TB) and children Guidance for all of those who work with children. Explains how (...) Updated 'Tuberculosis and children: information for all of those who work with children'. 1 November 2013 First published. Related content Collection Explore the topic Is this page useful? Thank you for your feedback Help us improve GOV.UK Don’t include personal or financial information like your National Insurance number or credit card details. What were you doing? What went wrong? Send Help us improve GOV.UK To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. We’ll send you

2019 Public Health England