¿cómo influye el abuso de las nuevas tecnologías en niños y adolescentes?
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- Answered 4 Aug 2019 Conflict of interest declaration: None Sorry, I only speak English and used Google Translate to convert the question to English, which gave the Q as "How does the abuse of new technologies influence children and adolescents?" When answering the question (sorry it's in English) I was expecting the results to reflect the negative effects of using such technologies but there was a surprising number of results that showed the potential for positive outcomes - albeit associated with specific apps for things such as anxiety. This is the search I started with was https://www.tripdatabase.com/search?criteria=%28sms+OR+screentime+OR+apps+OR+%22mobile+phones%29+AND+%28adolescents+OR+teenagers%29. I'm not saying it's perfect but it picked up some useful looking results, including this one Effects of screentime on the health and well-being of children and adolescents: a systematic review of reviews (https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/9/1/e023191) a recent systematic review in BMJ Open. This concluded: "There is evidence that higher levels of screentime is associated with a variety of health harms for CYP, with evidence strongest for adiposity, unhealthy diet, depressive symptoms and quality of life. Evidence to guide policy on safe CYP screentime exposure is limited." Following links from the above found a comment in The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health "Screen time in children and adolescents: is there evidence to guide parents and policy?" https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanchi/article/PIIS2352-4642(19)30062-8/fulltext. which reports: "The general public and health-care professionals typically perceive extended screen time as negative, with frequent media reports on the adverse effects on sleep, diet, social interaction, and family life. However, the evidence underlying this perception is limited and often clouded by confounding factors including socioeconomic grouping and negative associated behaviours (eg, snacking and reduced exercise). Recent 2019 guidance from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH), based on a systematic review of available evidence, provides practical, pragmatic advice to children and young people and parents and concludes that evidence for an absolute screen time limit is weak. The guidance also points out that the seeming adverse effects of screen time can often be attributed (at least in part) to loss of other positive activities, such as exercise, social contact with friends, and good sleep hygiene." They link to the RCPCH document "The health impacts of screen time: a guide for clinicians and parents" https://www.rcpch.ac.uk/sites/default/files/2018-12/rcpch_screen_time_guide_-_final.pdf Finally, an EPPI review "Screen-based activities and children and young people’s mental health and psychosocial wellbeing: a systematic map of reviews" http://eppi.ioe.ac.uk/cms/Portals/0/PDF%20reviews%20and%20summaries/Systematic%20Map%20of%20Reviews%20on%20Screen-based%20activties_08.01.19.pdf might also be of interest. NOTE: all these references are from this year - 2019